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Mandatory Direct Deposit By State
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HR + Payroll

Can Employers Make Direct Deposit Mandatory?

One-Minute Takeaway

  • Direct deposit is fast, simple, and accurate, and it prevents checks from getting lost in the mail or stolen.
  • Making direct deposit mandatory is legal in some states. Check out the table to see if it is in yours.
  • Some states also require employers who use direct deposit to provide printed paystubs.

Ninety-three percent of U.S. employee are paid by direct deposit, according to the American Payroll Association’s “Getting Paid in America” Survey. It’s by far the most popular payment method, but that doesn’t mean there aren’t employees who’d prefer to receive a traditional printed paycheck.

Can you make direct deposit mandatory for your employees? Yes… and no. Like most things in HR, it all depends on the employment law in your state and the classification of employees.

To help businesses, we’ve prepared this table so you can easily track the mandatory direct deposit laws wherever you are.

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Direct Deposit Requirements by State as of December 2023

State Can You Make It Mandatory? Covered employers 
Alabama Private Sector: Yes Public Sector: NoPrivate Sector only 
Alaska No 
Arizona No  
Arkansas No  
California No  
Colorado No  
Connecticut No  
Delaware No  
District of Columbia No 
Florida No  
Georgia No 
Hawaii No 
Idaho No 
Illinois No 
Indiana Yes All employers 
Iowa Yes: Employers may not require employees hired before July 1, 2005, to participate in direct deposit. Employers may require a new employee to sign up for a direct deposit as a condition if hire unless the cost to the employee of establishing and maintain an account would effectively reduce the employee’s wages to a level below the minimum wage, or the employee is covered by a union contract that prohibits the process. All employers 
Kansas Yes All employers ; required for all state employees
Kentucky Yes All employers 
Louisiana Yes All employers; required for all state employees 
Maine Yes All employers 
Maryland No 
Massachusetts Yes All employers 
Michigan Yes All employers 
Minnesota Private sector: No Public sector: The Commissioner of Labor & Industry may require direct deposit for all state employeesState employees  
Mississippi No
Missouri YesAll employers 
Montana No 
Nebraska No
Nevada No 
New Hampshire No 
New Jersey Private sector: No Public sector: YesState employees
New Mexico No 
New York No; however, beginning March 2024, employers must have employee consent to direct deposit for employees who earn less than $1300/week.All employers 
North Carolina Yes All employers 
North Dakota Yes All employers 
Ohio No
Oklahoma YesAll employers
Oregon No 
Pennsylvania No
Rhode Island No 
South Carolina Yes All employers
South Dakota Yes All employers 
Tennessee Yes Private employers with at least 5 employees  
Texas Yes All employers 
Utah Yes Private employers except those involved in farm, dairy, agricultural, viticultural, or horticultural pursuits; stock or poultry raising; household domestic service; or other employment in which a written agreement provides different terms  
Vermont No 
Virginia No 
Washington Yes All employers 
West Virginia State institutions of higher education: Yes All state higher ed employers
Wisconsin Yes All employers 
Wyoming No 

Direct Deposit Laws

Depending on state laws, employers can require their employees to receive payments via direct deposit. In some states, receiving direct deposits can even be included as a condition of employment. However, even these states have some restrictions you need to know.

They can include:

  • No employer can require an employee to use direct deposit at a specific bank.
  • Employers aren’t allowed to charge employees a fee based on payment method.
  • Employees must have access to their pay stubs.

*If an employee doesn’t have a bank account, direct deposit payments can still be made via a paycard.

Pay Stub Requirements for Employers

If you provide direct deposit to your employees, you may also be required to provide them with a pay stub if it’s required in your state. Federal law does not mandate pay stubs for workers, but the Fair Labor Standards Act requires employers to keep accurate records of employees’ wages and hours worked. Your state might not require employer-issued pay stubs, but an employee has the right to request payroll records.

For instance, printed pay stubs are mandatory in Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Minnesota, New Mexico, North Carolina, Texas, and Vermont. However, most of these states now allow employers to use electronic pay stubs as long as three standards are met:

  • Employees can access their pay stubs electronically
  • Employees have a unique, secure login
  • The pay stubs can be printed

Several states do not require you to provide pay stubs all: Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Virginia. The remaining states require some type of pay stub, whether in print or available electronically, such as via an Employee Mobile app.

Why You Should Use Direct Deposit

Besides having benefits for both employers and employees, direct deposit is fast, simple, and accurate. Pay discrepancies are easily resolved without checks getting lost in the mail or stolen. There are countless advantages over paychecks, here are just a few:

Benefits for the Employer:

Benefits for the Employees:

  • Checks don’t get lost or damaged
  • Correcting payments is faster
  • No longer need to make a trip to the bank
  • Instant access to funds
  • Receive payment regardless of where they are
  • Easily divide their paycheck among multiple accounts, which can help boost employee savings and overall morale

When employees have easy access to funds and paystubs, they can spend less time on banking and more time positively affecting your organization’s bottom line.

Can an employee refuse direct deposit?

Yes, in some states employees can decline direct deposit of their paychecks. It’s important to be familiar with your state’s requirements when paying employees.

What do employers need for direct deposit?

To set up direct deposit for employee pay, employers need the following information:

  • Account type
  • Account number
  • Routing number

In some states, employers will also need a consent form for direct deposit signed by the employee.

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Paycor is not a legal, tax, benefit, accounting or investment advisor. All communication from Paycor should be confirmed by your company’s legal, tax, benefit, accounting or investment advisor before making any decisions.

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